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Money 123: Make the Most of Your Money

Special to Global News – By Erica Alini

Make the Most of Your Money
First, there was the Canada Emergency …

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News

Money 123: Make the Most of Your Money

April 28th, 2020

Special to Global News – By Erica Alini

Make the Most of Your Money

First, there was the Canada Emergency Response Benefit, which millions of Canadians are well acquainted with by now. This week the government started taking applications for the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy, which will cover 75 per cent of employee wages for eligible businesses for up to 12 weeks.

The CERB and the CEWS overlap to a degree — and that is by design…

Should you change the way you invest?

You’ve heard the trope that financial markets are like a roller coaster. But between late February and March 23, the stock market took investors on the ride of their lives: a plunge of around 35 per cent of its value. Even those who remember well the 2008-2009 financial crisis will tell you this stock-market dive was shockingly steep.

It was a gut-wrenching moment — one that has prompted many to rethink their investment strategy. According to a recent poll conducted by Ipsos for Global News, some 14 per cent of Canadians are changing their approach to investing amid the novel coronavirus pandemic.

But is it a good idea?…

___________________________

– THE QUESTION –

“Could you explain what the benefits are of a registered disability savings plan (RDSP)? We have a son diagnosed with autism and have a registered education savings plan (RESP) in place.”

— A Money123 reader 

“The RDSP is a savings plan meant to financially support a disabled person. Anyone can contribute to an RDSP with written permission of the plan holder who typically is the parent or guardian of the disabled beneficiary.

Contributions to an RDSP can be made until the disabled beneficiary turns 59. There is no limit on how much can be contributed in a year, but there is a lifetime cap of $200,000.

Contributions aren’t tax-deductible for the contributors, but investment growth is tax-deferred.

An RDSP may be eligible for two types of government grants: the Canada Disability Savings Grant and Canada Disability Savings Bond for low-income families, both are subject to income test.

RDSP withdrawals can be made to the beneficiary at any time and for any purpose. But the beneficiary must start receiving Lifetime Disability Assistance Payments by age 60, which will continue for the life of the beneficiary.

For the disabled beneficiary, withdrawals could include a blend of non-taxable amounts (capital contribution) and taxable amounts (grants, investment income and growth).

To qualify for an RDSP, your child must be eligible for Disability Tax Credit (DTC). Get your child’s doctor or psychologist to complete form T2201 and submit it to the CRA for approval.

If your child does not qualify for DTC, then stick with the RESP. Similar to the RDSP, the RESP is eligible for the Canada Education Savings Grant (with no income test) and Canada Learning Bond (subject to income test), and some provinces may have provincial grants available.

RESP withdrawals are taxed similarly to RDSP withdrawals.

From an RESP, Educational Assistance Payments (grants, income and growth) can be paid to a student if the student is enrolled in a qualifying educational program. RDSP payments do not require enrolment in a qualifying educational program.“

– Ngoc Day, certified financial planner, Macdonald, Shymko & Company

Click here to read the full article

 

With focus on ensuring Evelyn’s care, can James retire now or should he keep working?

February 14th, 2020

Special to the The Globe and Mail – By Dianne Maley

A year or so ago, Evelyn and James were looking forward to their impending retirement. Then Evelyn fell ill.

James’s first impulse was to quit his job to spend more time with his wife. But he also wants to ensure they can afford the best possible care.

“My wife was recently diagnosed with a form of dementia, which will, in the long term, require full-time care,” James writes in an e-mail. Costs for dementia care in an assisted-living home range from $6,000 to $10,000 a month. “It is highly uncertain as to when this level of care will be needed and for how long.” Survival rates, it seems, are “highly variable, and in some cases people can survive 20-plus years after the diagnosis.”

James, who will soon turn 62, earns $168,000 a year plus a bonus of about $50,000 working in sales. Evelyn is 59 and no longer working. She gets a defined benefit pension of $17,640 a year, including bridge benefit, falling to $10,600 at the age of 65. They have two sons, both in their early 30s.

“I had thought of retiring now to enjoy the time of relative lucidity, but I’m very concerned I will not have adequate resources to afford her care when it will be required,” James writes.

They are not without means. They have a house and an investment condo, rented to relatives at cost, as well as registered retirement savings plans and James’s substantial defined contribution pension plan, to which both he and his employer contribute.

“So the question is, should I continue to work and build the financial assets to provide care in the future?” James asks.

We asked Ian Black, a fee-only financial planner at Macdonald, Shymko & Co. Ltd. in Vancouver, to look at James and Evelyn’s situation. Mr. Black holds the registered financial planner (RFP) designation.

Click here to read the rest of this article

Marguerite is back living with her partner and returns for a second Financial Facelift

January 31st, 2020

Special to The Globe and Mail – By Dianne Maley

In 2013, the year of Marguerite’s first Financial Facelift, she had left her home to care for her ailing mother in Vancouver. Marguerite was 51 and worried that working part-time while overseeing her mother’s home care would jeopardize her plan to retire from work at age 60. Marguerite’s spending target was $50,000 a year after tax.

The planner, Ngoc Day of fee-only financial planning firm Macdonald Shymko, concluded that Marguerite would either have to substantially increase her income, work past the age of 60 or plan to spend less when she retired.

More than six years have passed. Marguerite is 57 and back living with her partner. Her mother died in 2015. Marguerite and her siblings shared their mother’s estate.

The inheritance provided “some measure of financial security as I head toward my life in retirement,” Marguerite writes in an e-mail. She has found work as a supply teacher and plans to continue working part-time to age 65, after which she hopes to travel more. Her retirement spending target is still $50,000 a year after tax.

Marguerite has most of her inheritance in short-term guaranteed investment certificates. “I’ve been hesitant about investing while the markets are high and a correction appears to be on the horizon,” she writes. “When and how should I invest for the long term to earn higher rates?” She wonders, too, whether she should buy an investment property.

Once again, we asked Ms. Day of Macdonald Shymko & Co. Ltd. in Vancouver, to look at Marguerite’s situation.

Click here to read the rest of this article

Nearly half of Canadians are banking on an inheritance to meet their financial goals. What are the dangers?

October 21st, 2019

The Globe and Mail – By Gail Johnson

Counting on a lottery win is disastrous financial planning, but nearly half of Canadians are banking on another kind of windfall when they look to their financial future. Forty-four per cent are expecting an inheritance, according to a recent Edward Jones poll.

That kind of life ring apparently can’t come soon enough, with 83 per cent of the 1,500-plus Canadians surveyed saying they haven’t achieved their financial objectives because of hindrances such as high cost of living, low income and insurmountable debt.

While there may be comfort in knowing that a cash gift is in their future – whether it’s through a living inheritance or a will – the financial planning industry agrees that Canadians should be careful about incorporating that into a realistic, sound financial plan.

In addition to dealing with the embarrassment, young people slated to receive money need to get ready for that, says fee-only financial adviser Ngoc Day of Vancouver’s Macdonald Shymko & Co. Ltd. Those who plan to use it for housing should stress-test potential mortgage payments to make sure they are not buying too much house, particularly if interest rates were to rise.

Can Abby live comfortably while saving for retirement if she has no work pension and her spousal support payments end when she’s 65?

September 6th, 2019

The Globe and Mail – By Dianne Maley

At the age of 50 and recently divorced, Abby is making independent financial decisions for the first time in her life. She knows what she has to do.

“I’m trying to learn about finances and investing, and I need to come up with a stepped plan that will help me live a balanced life now while saving and investing for retirement,” Abby writes in an e-mail. She has no work pension. Her spousal support payments will end when she is 65.

She has two children in their 20s, the younger of whom is living at home and going to university. When her son graduates in a couple of years, the family house will be sold and the proceeds divided between Abby and her former husband.

In addition to the family home, Abby and her ex-husband jointly own a company. Under the settlement, he will buy out her share over 15 years. Abby herself has a small business teaching pottery classes, which brings in about $10,000 a year.

“I would like to retire with modest income and be able to travel and enjoy the simple life and live within my means,” Abby writes. Soon, though, she will need to find a place to live.

We asked Ian Black, a fee-only financial planner at Macdonald, Shymko & Co. Ltd. in Vancouver, to look at Abby’s situation.

Click here to read the rest of this article

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